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Managing your Swine Operation for Year-End

Steve Malakowsky
Educational Opportunities: 
Swine, Young, Beginning Farmers
Home > Education & Events > November 2017 > Managing your Swine Operation for Year-End

One area that I encourage you to give strong consideration to is the necessary steps you should take when managing your tax liability. Consider what decisions you are making that may need additional due diligence. As each of you sit down with your tax advisors and target your year-end tax liability, the simple management tool most producers utilize is to prepay expenses or defer income. However, if making that decision, you need to realize that when you prepay or defer income you are absorbing counterparty risk. In doing so, you become an unsecured creditor to the Coop, feed mill or packer that has the use of your funds until you take delivery of your prepaid expenses or deposit the deferred hog checks. 

As part of your due diligence it is not unreasonable to ask for a credit reference of the business you are dealing with, or in some instances ask for financial information of that business. Most likely you will get little pushback requesting financial information from Cooperatives. However, when dealing with a private company they may not be willing to disclose this information. In those instances, you could request a credit reference from their lending institution.   

The next step in preparing for year-end is to give your lender adequate time to provide funding for your tax planning needs. As a lender, we understand things don’t always go according to plan and last minute changes do happen. With that being said, I encourage you to discuss your plan with your lender and let them know if you will need any additional increase to your operating line to cover funding for your prepaid expenses or deferrals. Open lines of communication are essential.  

South Dakota State University Swine Education and Research Facility
I recently had the opportunity to visit SDSU’s Swine Education and Research Facility; I met with Dr. Joe Cassidy, Professor and Head of the Department of Animal Science and Dr. Bob Thaler, Professor and Extension Swine Specialist in the Department of Animal Science. For those that are unaware of SDSU’s investment into the US swine industry, they built a state of the art Swine Education facility in 2016. The $7.4 million facility consists of three buildings, including a sow teaching and intensive research complex for 150 sows, on-site wean-to-finish research barn, and an off-site wean-to-finish production barn. 

The goal of SDSU is to provide a facility to develop and train the next generation of pork producers and leaders in the industry. From what I saw, they are meeting that goal! They currently have between 50 and 60 students involved in their swine club, 70% of which are female students. This facility will enhance undergraduate studies, while providing hands-on research opportunities for students. If you have a college bound child or know of an individual that is considering working in the swine industry and looking for a great education I would strongly encourage you to have them check out SDSU’s program. This is the jewel of the Midwest in regards to educating and training the next generation of producers and leaders of this industry. With SDSU’s investment into the industry, they will help mold future leaders of the US pork industry.
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